monthly readers. Title: Infektologija, Author: Marko Habuš, Name: Infektologija, Length: 17 pages, Page: 2, Published: Josip Begovac dr. med. Begovac J., Božinović D., Lisić M., Baršić B., Schonwald S. Infektologija. 1. izdanje. Zagreb: Profil International; ; European. infektologijaHIV/AIDS V šckerk, I Krhen, M Lisić, J Begovac, V Čajić, Š Zekan, V Šckerk,. MP Mihanović, NS Haque, GW Rutherford, Š Zekan, J Begovac.
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More than three decades after recognition of acquired immunodeficiency syndrome AIDS in the United States, the pandemic of human immunodeficiency virus HIV infection has dramatically changed the global burden of disease. The main goal of this research is retrospective analysis of epidemiological and clinical characteristics of 28 HIV infected patients, who were diagnosed and treated at the Clinic for Infectious Diseases in University Clinical Center Tuzla in the period from until the end of Retrospective analysis was performed using the medical records of 28 HIV-infected persons.
Two rapid tests were used for HIV testing: Among a total of 28 HIV-infected persons, 23 In terms of the transmission route, a large proportion of cases were infected through heterosexual contact 19 At the time of the first visit, 16 Of 28 HIV-infected persons 39 cases of opportunistic diseases developed in 12 patients In terms of the frequency of opportunistic diseases, tuberculosis 12 cases, Among a total of 28 HIV-infected patients, 6 More than three decades after recognition of acquired immunodeficiency syndrome AIDS in the United States, the pandemic begovacc human immunodeficiency virus HIV infection has infektologijw changed the global burden of disease, and its effects will continue well into the next decades 12.
The number of those infected with HIV has now reached 35 million 4. In the same period persons died of AIDS 7. HIV can manifest in a variety of ways depending on the organs affected and concurrent infections prevalent in the area. The initial clinical presentation may mimic symptoms of common endemic diseases in the particular region 9 – However, the severity of manifestation depends on the infected individuals baseline health status.
The most significant early manifestation of HIV infection in Africa were marked by slim disease diarrhea and ifnektologijatuberculosis, variety of Opportunistic Infections OIweight loss, fever, and dermatological symptoms 11 WHO has established a four stage classification system determined by the presence of Opportunistic Infections and other HIV related conditions The subjects were patients who were treated at the Clinic for Infections Disease of the University Clinical Centre Tuzla, infektologiajwhen the first case of HIV infection was registered in Tuzla, until end of Medical records provided information on sex, age, transmission route, reasons for testing, history of earlier diseases, state of diseases, the presence or absence of opportunistic infections, the outcome of the infection, and immunologic and virologic status.
As for age distribution at the time of the initial diagnosis of HIV infection, 5 The age of patients ranged from years.
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The average age at the time of first hospital visit of those patients was It was registered 1 3. Malignant diseases were registered in 5 Three patients died shortly after detection of infection, because the infection was detected 5 days before death. Second comatose patient with the symptoms of multiorganic tuberculosis died 3 days after admission. His wife after the positive HIV test, refused further examination and treatment.
She admitted 7 months later with the symptoms of lung tuberculosis, exudative pleuritis and specific lymphadenitis. She died shortly after the admission. Fifth patient died because of toxoplasmosis infection of the brain, one female patient died after double operation of brain tumor, sixth patient died inbecause of the lack of the ART.
Laboratory diagnostics of central nervous system disorders
The main transmission routes of HIV infection are through sexual contact, syringes, blood products, and vertical transmission. In the Korea, the main transmission route is heterosexual contact In Germany, the main transmission is also intektologija homosexual contact Intravenous drug use is the main transmission route in Eastern Europe We determined that in our patients, infektologijx contact was the most frequent route of HIV transmission At the time of first hospital visit In this period infektologijaa detected 24 HIV infected persons, and 4 persons came to our clinic with already known HIV positive status.
Because of the stigma and discrimination, the number of tested persons in Centers for voluntary confidential counseling and testing VCCT centers is still small, while the number of persons with risky behavior is in rise. A study in the US in reported that most prevalent opportunistic disease was P.
Infektologija (Book, ) 
In study in the Nepal in high prevalence high prevalence of opportunistic infections as pneumonia In the northern European countries, the major opportunistic diseases are P.
Carinii pneumonia, and in southwestern European countries, extra pulmonary tuberculosis In our patients tuberculosis was the leading opportunistic disease Thailand, India, Zaire and other Southeast Asian countries 182122 Tuberculosis and HIV co-infection still presents a significant cause of mortality, especially in Africa, although their incidence has been declining since Tuberculosis can occur at any stage of HIV-infection, and the risk of developing the disease as well as its atypical forms is higher as cell immunity is impaired.
Oral candidiasis is registered in Candidiasis is often registered in HIV infected patients as shown in numerous of reports from many other countries 111 Opportunistic diseases, which are not AIDS-defining diseases, also differ according to the region, country, and race 1 Our study found that This information should not deceive us, on the contrary it should warn us that it does not represent the true situation.
Early detection of HIV infection provides good chances for the infected to begin with the ART in time, and with that to have a longer and better quality life. Because of the stigma and discrimination, the number of tested persons in VCCT centers is still small, while the number of persons with risky behavior is increasing. National Center for Biotechnology InformationU.
Journal List Mater Sociomed v. Published online Feb Author information Article notes Copyright and License information Disclaimer. Trnovac bb, Tuzla, Bosnia and Herzegovina.
Received Dec 24; Accepted Feb 5. HIV, hospitalized patients, epidemiology, clinical characteristics. Subjects The subjects were patients who were treated at the Clinic for Infections Disease of the University Clinical Centre Tuzla, fromwhen the first case of HIV infection was registered in Tuzla, until end of Methods Medical records provided information on sex, age, transmission route, reasons for testing, history of earlier diseases, state of diseases, the presence or absence of opportunistic infections, the outcome of the infection, and immunologic and virologic status.
Epidemiological characteristics Among infektlogija total of 28 HIV-infected persons, 23 Table 1 Characteristics of 28 HIV-infected patients. Open in a separate window. Piot P, Carael M. Principles and practice of Infectious Diseases.
Churchill Livingstone, Elsevier; Selected major risk factors and global and regional burden of disease. Epidemic update and health sector progress towards Universal Infektolobija Progress Report Zavod za javno zdravstvo Federacije Bosne i Hercegovine.
Republika Srpska Javna zdravstvena ustanova Institut za javno zdravstvo. Piot P, Colebunders R. Clinical manifestations and natural history of HIV infection in adults. Infekcija virusom humane imunodeficijencije. Epidemiology and clinical manifestation of HIV infection in northern Zaire. Clinical features of HIV disease in developing countries. Antiretroviral therapy for HIV infection in adults and adolescents in resource-limited settings: Surveillance for AIDS-defining opportunistic illnesses Kathmandu University Medical Journal.