$ The Antipodes of the Mind: Charting the Phenomenology of the Ayahuasca Experience by Benny Shanon. Paperback. $ Representational and the. Benny Shanon is a Professor of Psychology at the Hebrew University of Jerusalem and . Benny for this classic on Charting Ayahuasca that will live forever. Skip to main content. The Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Home page. Toggle navigation. Psychology Department.

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Sign in Create an account. Options 1 filter applied. Sign in to use this feature. The Representational and the Presentational: An Essay on Cognition and the Study of Mind. Benny Shanon – – Prentice-Hall. Shanon argues that the representational account is seriously lacking and that far from serving as a basis of cognitive activity, representations are the products of such activity. He proposes an alternative view of the mind in which the basic capability of the cognitive system is not the His book offers a different outlook on the phenomenon of consciousness and presents a new conception of psychological theory and explanation.

This revised second edition includes a new Postscript. Representation in Philosophy of Mind. A pioneering study of the phenomenology of the special state of mind bwnny by Ayahuasca, a plant-based Henny psychotropic brew.

The author’s research is based both on extensive firsthand experiences with Ayahuasca, and on interviews conducted with a whanon number of informants coming from different places and backgrounds. Consciousness and Biology in Philosophy of Cognitive Science. Phenomenology and Consciousness in Philosophy of Cognitive Science.

In their critique of connectionist models Fodor and Pylyshyn dismiss such models as not being cognitive or psychological. Evaluating Fodor and Pylyshyn’s critique requires examining what is required in characterizating models as ‘cognitive’.

The present discussion examines the various senses of this term. It argues the answer to the title question seems to vary with these different senses. Indeed, by one sense of the term, neither representa-tionalism nor connectionism is cognitive.

General ramifications of such an appraisal are discussed and Direct download 3 more. The experience of consciousness is analyzed. First, a pre-theoretical characterization of the term “consciousness” is attempted.

Second, the phenomenology of human consciousness is described. Specifically, consciousness is defined in terms of several patterns nenny of which consist of the coupling of pairs of opposites. Resonance between such opposites may be the key charactereristics of human consciousness. Third, the function of consciousness is considered. It is suggested that consciousness is functional in that it offers a medium in which cognition may bennt More general theoretical ramifications having to do with the representational view of mind are also discussed.

The Concept of Consciousness in Philosophy of Mind. The mind-body problem concerns the relationship between mind and body, or nowadays – between mind or consciousness and the brain. As a relationship, this can be viewed from two perspectives: In this note I point out that the two readings of the problem are not symmetrical and that there are categorical differences between them.

In particular, dhanon the body to mind problem constitutes a mystery cf. Philosophy of Cognitive Science. Direct download 2 more. Shannon present paper examines this view from both a methodological and a substaintive perspective.


Methodologically, a contrast between considerations of principle and of fact is made and implications for the nature of cognitive theory are discussed.

Substantively, constraints on information flow are examined as they appear in various aspects of It is suggested that the notion of modularity as structural and fixed be replaced by one which is dynamic, context-dependent. This modification, it is argued, is productive for the characterization of the workings of the mind, and it defines new questions for investigation.

Direct download 11 more. Temporality is a fundamental determinant of human cognition. There are, ahanon, states of mind in which brnny feel that temporality changes radically and perhaps even becomes irrelevant.

Benny Shanon – Wikipedia

Here I attempt a typology of the patterns of such non-ordinary temporal experiences. The discussion is based on a phenomenological study of the special state of consciousness induced by Ayahuasca, a powerful Amazonian psychoactive brew. Drugs and Consciousness in Philosophy of Cognitive Science. Philosophy of Mind in Continental Philosophy. In this paper, I discuss substance-induced visions and consider their epistemic status, meaning, and modes of proper interpretation.

I focus on the visions induced by ayahuasca, a powerful psychoactive plant-made brew that has had a central status and role in the indigenous tribal cultures of the upper Amazonian region. The brew is especially famous for the visions seen with it. These are often coupled with personal psychological insights, mentations concerning topics of special significance to one, intellectual notably, philosophical and metaphysical Thus, under the intoxication, people often feel that they gain significant knowledge and understanding.

The present discussion takes a cognitive-phenomenological perspective coupled with a philosophical analysis of the various epistemological questions at hand. States of Consciousness in Philosophy of Cognitive Science.

Direct download 4 more. The article on synaesthesia by Ramachandran and Hubbard is comprehensive and intellectually stimulating. My comments will be divided into three sections, or – rather – three shabon, which correspond to three, independent and different, occasions in my career in which I found myself dealing with synaesthesia.

Each of these stories carries a moral Synesthesia in Philosophy of Cognitive Science. A new phenomenological framework for the characterization of human consciousness is presented.

The theory is introduced in several stages – making distinctions concerning types of consciousness, levels, parameters, functional features and dynamic operations. The phenomenology encompasses both ordinary and non-ordinary beenny of mind. It appears that in its totality benn phenomenology of human consciousness comprises a well- structured system exhibiting coherence and internal structure. In addition, this framework presents a new approach for cognitive research, methodologically as well as theoretically.

Consciousness and Psychology in Philosophy of Cognitive Science. Philosophy of Music in Aesthetics. This paper is part of an ongoing project devoted to the investigation of the psychotropic brew Ayahuasca from a cognitive-psychological perspective. This perspective contrasts with those of practically all investigations of Ayahuasca which pertain either to the natural sciences-notably botany, pharmacology, brain science and clinical medicine-or to anthropology.

Here, I discuss the visualizations induced by Shajon from a structural, as opposed to contentual, point of view. A typology of the structural forms in which visualizations may appear is drawn.


The distinctions drawn are readily applicable to hallucinatory and visionary experiences induced by other agents and in other contexts. Thus, the present typology may be regarded as presenting the foundations for the cognitive-psychological study of such experiences at large. Science of Consciousness in Philosophy of Cognitive Science.

This paper is part of a comprehensive research project whose aim is to study the phenomenology of the special state of mind induced by the psychoactive Henny potion ayahuasca. Here, I focus on those aspects of the ayahuasca experience that are related to basic features of the human consciousness.

The effects of the potion are discussed in terms of a conceptual framework characterizing consciousness as a cognitive system defined by a set of parameters and the values that they take. The phenomenological data pertaining to ayahuasca indicate that the features at hand can be modified. Following earlier suggestions by William James and Aldous Huxley, I conclude that any general theory of consciousness should be based not only on the study of so-called ordinary consciousness, but also on that of non-ordinary states.

Benny Shanon

Aspects of Consciousness in Philosophy of Mind. Philosophy of Consciousness in Philosophy of Mind. Context and Context-Dependence in Philosophy of Language.

Different though they are on the methodological level, on the substantive level the two programs are based on the same view, according to which memory consists of represented information that is permanently stored in the mind or brain. This view is, I think, wrong. Philosophy of Psychology in Philosophy of Cognitive Science.

Direct download 7 more. Abstract A survey of different senses of the term? The presentation is guided by the appraisal that this key term is employed in the cognitive literature in different senses and that the distinction between these is not always explicitly stated or appreciated. Furthermore, the different senses seem to be associated with different rationales for the postulation of representation.

Given that there may be a lack of convergence between the various senses of the construct in question and the Science, Logic, and Mathematics. Direct download 9 more. The two questions that constitute the title of the paper are examined in the context of thought sequences, i.

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The analysis of a corpus of such sequences suggests that the articulation of thought in language affords fluidity that makes novelty possible. The articulation makes control possible, it lends momentum to thought, it presents alternative avenues for the further progression of thought, it renders thought into an activity akin to action While the discussion focuses on the medium of language, it is noted that similar patterns hold with other media of articulation, both in natural cognition and in the arts.

General implications are proposed and discussed. Biological Information in Philosophy of Biology.

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