Claude Cahen: Pre-Ottoman Turkey: a general survey of the material and spiritual culture and history, c. – Translated from the French by J. Pre-Ottoman Turkey: a general survey of the material and spiritual culture and history, c. Front Cover. Claude Cahen. Sidgwick & Jackson, Pre-Ottoman Turkey: a general survey of the material and spiritual culture and history, c. , Volume , Part 2. Front Cover. Claude Cahen. Sidgwick.
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Sacit rated it really liked it Shelves: This is a rare attempt by a foreign historian to shed light into pre-Ottoman history of the nomadic Turkic migrants Turcomans in areas stretching from Transoxiana to Asia Minor, and the empires which they established along the way Kara-khitans, Khwarazmians, Ghaznavids, Great Seljukids and sultanates Seljuks of Rum, Danishmendids, Artukids, etc.
In the absence of well documented chronicles, the author relied on pre-ottomman logs, treaties, correspondences, coinage, calude church documents.
Pre-Ottoman Turkey: A General Survey of the Material and Spiritual Culture and History, C.1071-1330
Cahen expresses how the West is perplexed today, and this is repeated a few times in the book, with the fact that the Turkic migrants from central Asia could establish empires and alter the cultural and racial makeup of a huge region, coincident with their conversion to Islam; in areas which have been under the influence and domination of Byzantine, Greek, Persian, and Arabic pre-othoman for millenniums. The reminder of the book is on socio-economic history and the following brief Seljukido-Mongolian protectorate period, where it is explained that cultural exchanges and racial mixing with local populations inevitably took place as some of the nomads became settled as farmers and townsfolk, and some Turcomans continued to resist change in their nomadic traditions well into the Ottoman period.
Non-Muslims populations and their churches were mostly well-tolerated and thrived after the Turcoman conquests were made.
As the Mongols moved westwards in the 13th century, they pushed to the West plenty of new Turcomans ahead of them, who felt affinity with their already existing kinsmen, and the Mongols were eventually assimilated e. One of the claide aspect of the multi-ethnic, multi-religious Seljukids was the official recognition and the use multiple languages; Turkish mainly in military and administration, Persian mainly in chancery and literature, and Arabic mainly in religion and jurisprudence.
Pre-Ottoman Turkey by Cahen, Claude
Science, philosophy, and poetry flourished in some prominent centers of learning at the time of Seljukids, such as Khorasan and Konya, where the likes of Omar Khayyam and Mevlana Rumi created their greatest works. With the collapse of the Ilkhanids caahen the early 14th century, Turcomans from the frontier areas moved in and established numerous principalities in the former Seljukid domains of the Asia Minor; among which, Ottomans, emerged as the dominant power and established their empire in the following centuries.
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