Some examples of restrictions include contracts, laws, and community rules. Check with a lawyer or local authority to learn more about regulations, restrictions . Access to information about procurement contracts, audits and salaries of officials should be strengthened. Decisions of the Commissioner for the Right to. Verhuurders rekenen soms sleutelgeld, overnamekosten, waarborgsom en verhuurkosten als ze een huurcontract afsluiten voor een woning of kamer.
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Progress on meeting the conditions for opening accession negotiations. Summary of the report. Functioning of democratic institutions and public contracg reform. Public admini stration reform.
Il canapaio pdf
Rule of law and fundamental rights. Judiciary and fundamental rights. Justice, freedom and security. The existence of a functioning market economy. The capacity to cope with competitive pressure and market forces within the Union. Regional issues and international obligations. Ability to assume the obligations of membership. Free movement of goods. Free movement of workers. Right of establishment and freedom to provide services.
EUR-Lex Access to European Union law
Free movement of capital. Information society and media. Agriculture and rural development. Food safety, veterinary and phytosanitary policy. Economic and monetary policy. Social policy and employment. Enterprise and industrial policy.
Regional policy and coordination of structural instruments. Environment and climate change. Consumer and health protection. Foreign, security and defence policy. Financial and budgetary provisions. Annex I — relations between the EU and Albania.
Annex II — Statistical annex. Albania has continued to implement the Stabilisation and Association Agreement and the meetings of the joint bodies under the agreement took place. In November the Commission recommended the opening of accession negotiations subject to credible and tangible progress in the implementation of the justice reform, in particular the re-evaluation of judges and prosecutors vetting.
The Commission has continued to monitor thoroughly the developments in the context of the Five Key Priorities.
Voorbeeld van een kamerverhuur-oplichter
Albania was requested to reform the public administration with a view to enhancing its professionalism and de-politicisation. The relevant legal and strategic frameworks are now in place. Implementation of public administration reform has continued consistently, following the adoption of the civil service legislation, advancing further towards a professional and merit-based civil service.
The transparency and quality of merit-based recruitment and selection procedures for public posts were enhanced, particularly for the central level of governance; the capacity of the institutions responsible for management and monitoring of the civil service was strengthened; the operational infrastructure of service delivery was improved through one-stop-shops and further implementation of the territorial administrative reform see section 2.
Albania was requested to take further action to reinforce the independence, efficiency and accountability of judicial institutions. A thorough and comprehensive justice reform is being implemented. It was launched with a set of amendments that changed to one third of the country’s constitution. The main features of the ongoing reform can be summarised around the following pillars: Implementation of the various components of the reform is progressing well, in line with the legal provisions, in terms of steps and calendar.
The work on the establishment of the new bodies for the self-government of the judiciary is also progressing. In addition to the institutional restructuring of the judiciary, the reform process foresaw the launch of a generalised re-evaluation vetting of all judges and prosecutors. This entails that around professionals are currently undergoing scrutiny. The vetting has now started. The Albanian vetting institutions have completed the assessment of the top priority cases i.
The first hearings resulted in the dismissal of a Constitutional Court judge and of a Court of Appeal judge, also candidate to the High Judicial Council. Seventeen high ranking judges and prosecutors resigned some at the very start of the process, refusing their assets to be verified, some asked to retire or leave service upon reaching the end of their mandates, and some just before the hearings, after receiving notification of the findings to be discussed in the hearing.
Another hearing in early April resulted in the confirmation in duty of a Constitutional Court judge see section 2. Judicial and fundamental rights. Albania was requested to make further determined efforts in the fight against corruption, including towards establishing a solid track record of proactive investigations, prosecutions and convictions.
In recent years, substantial work was done to improve the legal framework and the institutional set-up including SPAK to strengthen the system to prevent and fight corruption.
As regards the efforts towards establishing a solid track record in the fight against corruption, the positive trend of recent years continued. There is an increase of activity at different points of the investigation chain. The police increased the number of referrals of corruption cases and the number of corruption cases sent to court also maintained an increasing trend in recent years. The overall number of first and second instance convictions involving junior or middle-ranking officials has constantly increased in recent years.
Regarding convictions of high-level state officials, important results have been achieved in the judiciary. Convictions have been rendered against prosecutors and judges. As regards the opening of new cases against high-state officials, these also increased. However, the number of final convictions of high-state officials remains very low. The establishment of a solid track record of proactive investigations, prosecutions and convictions in the fight against corruption remains nonetheless a long-term objective that continues to require further structured and consistent efforts.
The efforts noted since the Five Key Priority framework was established, seem nevertheless adequate to consolidate further progress in this area, which will remain a core aspect of EU engagement in the context of future negotiations see section 2. Albania was requested to make further determined efforts in the fight against organised crime, including towards establishing a solid track record of proactive investigations, prosecutions and convictions.
Tangible results were achieved in particular in the fight against the cultivation and trafficking of cannabis.
Ina substantial reduction of cannabis cultivation and a considerable increase of seizures, in particular of stocks of cannabis, were detected. Large scale law enforcement operations also led to successful confiscation of large quantities of cannabis stockpiled from previous crops and, recently, also cocaine from Latin America and covered also trafficking of human beings and property rights abuses.
Work continues on preparing for the vetting of police forces law adopted in principle by the Conhract at the end of February. As regards the track kamerverhiur in the fight against criminal organisations and structured criminal groups, the number kxmerverhuur referrals has increased in the past years, and has particularly intensified in the past months, but the number of indictments and final convictions remain very low and has only marginally increased. As regards statistics on serious crimes not linked to criminal organisations and structured criminal groups, the trend of people convicted is increasing, against the background of a higher number kajerverhuur reported cases.
Such crimes are mostly related to production and cultivation of narcotics, followed by money laundering. The establishment of a solid track record of proactive investigations, prosecutions and convictions in the fight against organised crime remains nonetheless a long-term objective that continues to require further structured and consistent efforts.
The efforts noted since the Five Key Priority framework was established, seem nevertheless adequate to consolidate further progress in this area, which will remain a core aspect of the EU engagement in the context of future negotiations see section 2.
Albania was requested to take effective measures to reinforce the pro tection of human rights, including of Roma, and anti-discrimination policies, as well as implementing property rights. The legal framework for the protection of human rights is broadly in line with European standards and Albania has ratified most internati onal human rights conventions.
The Ombudsman has been actively promoting the rights of vulnerable groups, including by submitting special reports and recommendations. The policy and legal framework on non-discrimination is broadly in line with European sta ndards.
Important steps have been taken to improve the legal framework on the protection of minorities, for which secondary legislation is now under preparation, as well as juvenile justice, child protection and property rights financial means have been e armarked to implement ECtHR rulings. As for the integration of Roma and Egyptians 1progress was achieved in early childhood and primary education, as well as access to healthcare and the labour market.
The housing budget has also increased.
Freedom of th ought, conscience and religion was generally upheld. The overall legislative environment is conducive to the exercise of freedom of religion and progress was made in strengthening the independence of the regulatory authority and public broadcaster.
Efforts for the enforcement of human rights will have to continue. Summary of the report 2. As regards the political criteriastrong polarisation persisted in the political establishment. Parliamentary activities were affected by a prolonged boycott by the opposition in earlywhich also delayed the appointment of the judicial vetting institutions. In May, an agreement between the main ruling party and the opposition allowed resuming parliamentary activities, triggering some changes to the electoral legislative framework.
Some progress was made towards improving the functioning of the National Council for Civil Society. Additional efforts are needed to better involve civil society organisations as part of an inclusive policy dialogue. Albania is moderately prepared in the reform of its public administration.
Efforts continued, resulting in some progress in the efficiency and transparency of public services delivery, the training of civil servants, more transparent recruitment procedures, and the overall strengthening of merit-based civil service procedures. Consolidation of these achievements should advance further, to ensure a more efficient, depoliticised, and professional public administration.
Albania’s judicial system has some level of preparation. The implementation of comprehensive and thorough justice reform has continued, resulting in good progress overall.
The reevaluation of all judges and prosecutors vetting process has started and is delivering first tangible results.
This process has cross-party support, is carried out by an independent authority, is subject to international monitoring and its compatibility with the European Convention on Human Rights has been confirmed by the Venice Commission. Under the aegis of the European Commission, an International Monitoring Operation has been deployed to oversee the process throughout its implementation.
The auxiliary institutions supporting the process have completed their first reports on the proficiency assessments, background checks and asset declarations. Albania maintains some level of preparation in the fight against corruption. Good progress was made, notably with the adoption of amendments to the criminal procedure code. A chain of specialised anticorruption bodies, including a special prosecuto’s office, is being established.