View HADID Mohamed Djamel’s profile on LinkedIn, the world’s largest professional community. HADID has 1 job listed on their profile. See the complete profile. Coordinates: 34°51′N 5°44′E / °N °E / ; Biskra); Latin Vescera) is .. Today, the city of Biskra is made up of 28 neighborhoods including 3 main ones which are, Korra, City 60 Logts ENICAB and Equipment Zones. Zone Industrielle de Biskra BP RP, Biskra , Algeria.
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Inits population was recorded asSince existence, Biskra was a hub between north and south. Due to its geographical location, its climate, its natural resources, especially farming, it has experienced the passage of all civilizations, from the Romans through the Arabseven the French. InBiskra became a French garrison. Init was described as the Nice of Algiers.
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Large quantities of fruit, especially dates and oliveswere grown in the vicinity. Biskra has always been appreciated by the warm welcome of its inhabitants.
She has is a pole of attraction for tourists, given its tourist potential and mild climate during a good period of the year, hence the eenicab for a general knowledge of the context and these different components were an absolute necessity as it had an impact direct on urban development enicabb vice versa, Biskra has hot desert climate.
Thus the legal and administrative status of a region, the environment through these physical, geographical, climatic and economic data are decisive factors in the construction to be cared for, and take them into consideration.
It is a crossroads between cities in the north of the country. The passage of different peoples and civilizations on this region, the city of Biskra, has appropriated a style and a look original and alive.
It remains, undoubtedly, an eternal cradle for civilizations, and a center of cultural influence. Its broad history will forever make a big part of Algerian and North African history. Biskra passage of different peoples and civilizations in this region, a city, the style and look of the original and vital.
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It remains, without a doubt, the eternal cradle of civilizations and the cultural center of radiation. Its extensive and ancient history has the largest status of Algerian history and North Africa.
On the summits of the great mountain ranges of El-Kantarathe signs of the deserts and the Sahara begin, the grains of golden sand, the clear blue sky and the green oases scattered along the straight biskkra winding roads. It is the place of delicious dates, traditional and historical craftsmanship. This city has attracted the attention and love of all its passing visitors as well as its regular inhabitants under its eniicab sky.
Poets and artists, historians and philosopher, literary and even hunters and sportsmen; Have found all in this paradise, their dreams, blskra inspirations and their memories. They wrote about her without exhaustion. Among these big ones: The Muslim historian and philosopher Ibn Khaldoun who passed to rest in Biskra in where he wrote a lot about the descendants of the city and the whole region.
The artist and the adventurer, the tale “London of Langeville” who settled in Biskra inwhere he built his garden of dreams that bears his name until today with a very great world diversity of his plants. But Arab and strange historians do not agree on the origins of his name.
Many say its name comes down from the name Vescera, which means “station” or “place” of commercial exchange, seen at its geographical location that connects north to south. But the Roman leader Betolimih BenyoubaII gave enucab another name “the river of destiny”, which is due to the river of Sidi Zarzour the name of the river today that crosses the city. Some researchers find that its name comes down from the ancient Roman name “Adebesran” due to the ancient geothermal source that is located near the city, Salhine Hammam today.
Other sources say that the real name comes down from the word “Sokkra”, due to the better quality of the sweet dates that this city has everywhere in its oases. Between all these versions on the origins of the name Biskra. Other versions confirm that the current nomination “Biskra” was given by the Carthaginians. The inhabitants of Biskra lived with the hunting and sale of wild animals to the Romans who raised them or trained them for circuses.
Until the appearance of agriculture, where the activity of its inhabitants has changed. They settle on a large territory south of the Roman provinces of Africa and Mauretania 2. The Genset, a direct descendant of the branch of the Capesian civilization that migrated to the Sahara around BC, and is certainly the people who dominated in the most certain way Algeria during the years of its antiquity.
They were according to the Greek historian Strabo the most numerous enocab of North Africa, but also the eincab known. However, references in ancient Egypt of certain tribes go back to BCE about in the reign of Akhenaton of the eighteenth dynasty that speaks of cattle trade with this people. This coalition, formed by the North African tribes, left the south-west of Algeria, reinforcing its force en route wherever it passed in North Africa.
The coalition led by Sheshonq Berber name: Sheshnaq defeated Pharaoh Psousennes II. This biblical event is mentioned in the Old Testament, which speaks of the pillaging of this leader of the Machaouach tribe. They came from the desert of the Caspian Sea the largest inland sea on the side of present-day Iran.
Specialists of the desert life, first settled on the edge of the Nile but the Pharaohs hunted them in the sixth century BCE. Always while traversing the desert, arrived until Tassili with the Touaregs where they stayed a long time, got mixed up blskra the Touaregs and learned the Tamazigh language for reasons of communication, cultural and commercial exchanges.
Unfortunately felt like “Gringos” in these places, decided to continue path until “The Promised Land”:.
North Africa which has become almost theirs. In Algeria have set themselves at the limit of Aures for the dish to which they are accustomed, have posed problems to the Roman infiltration in the 3rd century BCE because dreaded in combat and good horsemen.
It was necessary to involve a late Roman politician, Marius, to negotiate exploration of the South against concessions of agricultural land around Cirta and Setifis, at the time under Roman rule; a trick of dispersing them and so diminished in their strength. The city of Biskra experienced many very violent wars during the Roman colonization, including the great resistance war led by the Berber leader Takfarinas.
Followed by his successor the great healed militant Jugurtha “Youghorta” who resisted the Roman army. With the help of the inhabitants of the city, who did not hesitate to give their human and material support, Jugurtha destroyed the Roman army at the end of the so-called Noumidia region.
The Giskra “Oundals” invaded the city of Biskra and occupied all its land after a language resistance of its inhabitants. The weakness of the Vandals and lure falls in front of enica resistance and the continuous fights of the inhabitants, forced them to integrate with the inhabitants of the Ziban in a complete way. After a few decades, the Romans took over the direction of the city where they built obstacles to protect themselves from the vengeance of the population.
During this period the whole area became under another monarchy. According to the bkskra of this mosque, this place which contains more than tombs, is the 4th holy place of Islamafter MeccaMedina and Aksa. In the early 10th century, Biskra and the entire Ziban area were conquered by the kings of Beni Hammad. Followed bislra the kabyla of Elathbend banished Hilal Dnicab Arabs who removed and confiscated the property of the inhabitants.
They asked the help of the Almohads of the kingdom of Marrakech in the 12th century CE. Inthe conquest of the city by the Turks began, under the direction of Hocine Agha who defended the city of Algiers at the time and brought out the strength of Charles Compte of the latter.
The Ottoman Empire remained in the city 3 centuries until the French colonization in Indeed, after the invasion of the city of Biskra inand due to its protective geographical nature, the French army, built a secure area in its agglomeration to oppose the popular resistance of the inhabitants. But the progress of the liberation movement of El-hadj Mohammed Esaghire Elokbi, the successor or “caliphate” of El-Emir Abdelkader who went to General Lamoriciere on 23 Decemberdestroyed his armor and returned to a war of two fronts, the first against the Ben Enicwb family and the French forces and the second front against eniccab pillaging and embezzlement of Ahmed Bey and his monarchy in Constantine.
Thus, the opposition and the refusal of the rebels continued until the war of Zaatcha 20 kilometers west of Biskra in During this first period, the war of Bou Zian, chief of tribe, is memorable. The columns entered the gardens, delimited by small walls, which surrounded the Ksours in the oases and formed an biskrs maze.
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The shooting was terrible, the natives retreated but there are already several dead and many wounded, finished with the knife by Bou Zian, and his men. Carbuccia, the French Colonel withdrew. The failure was serious, the moral effect disastrous. Arrived enicah front of the zone called Zaatcha the French met a bastioned wall, crenellated, preceded by a ditch of 7 meters wide and 1 to 3 meters deep filled with water.
Colonel Carbuccia in charge of this mission was surprised by the topography of the ground and the resistance which opposed him in the middle of a dense vegetation. The struggles and biiskra continued for 7 months without stopping.
It took 7, troops and 53 days of blockade for the destruction of the siege by the three colonels enicsb Canrobert, Barral, and Lourmel giving the death of Chief Bouzian with besieged and people on the French side. This defeat did not diminish the will of the inhabitants to resist against the forces of the French armies. Indeed, the inhabitants led many wars the most known, enicah the war of El-kamri in He composed many pieces influenced by his experience there.
He sent a post card from Biskra on 11 April Diana Mayo, protagonist of Edith Maude Hull’s popular novel The Sheikstarts her journey into the desert from Biskra, and in the identically-named silent snicab The Sheik starring Rudolph Valentino in perhaps his most famous role. Buskra is located in the north-east of Algeriain the district of Biskra.
She is nicknamed “The Queen of the Zibans”, “The door of the desert” or “The Saharan Nice” because of its location which is the beginning of the desert. Apart from the mountains that surround it, the topography of Biskra is generally very flat. Part of the city is surrounded by the Sfa Pass and the Ziban Mountains. In the outskirts of Biskra, the landscape is very arid with all the same vegetation that vary depending on the location.
Small water points can be found in the enicba of Biskra, bidkra in the oases and canyons of the mountains around El Kantara.
The city covers an area of It has a population ofand is the 10th most populous city. It has a population density of 1, The population of Biskra are called Biskri. As in the rest of the country, Biskra does not observe summer time and stays in the bsikra time zone all year round. Whether winter or summer, the time is always the same in Biskra.
The biska is around 7: The sunset is around 5: The city of Biskra has gone through three phases before getting to where she is today. Started by the pre-colonial phase which testifies, that the city was pending this period under Roman rule over country of the Berbers, and having taken the role of the capital of southern Numidia, and the.
A very prosperous city, built by the Muslims in the Middle Ages. During the Turkish period the city was hit by epidemics, binding occupiers of the fort to leave the city to settle, in a group scattered the interior enlcab the palm grove, south of the city, around two elements of the form local production, the built environment that are the mosque and seguias, besides the use local building materials.
Secondly, the city was marked by the colonial phase characterized by the building of fort saint germain on the northern part, and the construction of a city the colonial checkerboard by an urban model, different from the previous one, and having undergone several extension, particularly the 1st and 2nd and the Dervau Plan, followed during the 50s, by popular extensions to the South at the expense of the palm grove and without dimensional and formal logic.
In the end the post colonial phase characterized by the proliferation of self-built no plan to urban and architectural quality at least and without model, where typological reference, which has only to be curbed, after the instruction of the laws intervention and control of the state, over the urban space, by launching large Housing development operations in the framework of ZUNH, in the form of housing communal collective or subdivision which, despite this, has not been able to resolve the demand for housing, bringing the state to promulgation, other enocab havingobjective, improving urban quality, openness and diversification stakeholders.